At the beginning of XXI century the genetic modification has taken two new paths. On the one hand, synthetic biology, which combines genetic engineering and, secondly, the reprogramming of stem cells leads to the production of new cells, new fabrics and new bodies.
Living species from synthetic biology, integrating new DNA fragments and artificial elements (eg metal or electronics), have new properties to better adapt to new environments (and accompanying events as drought stress, disease, predators) due to climate change.
Living organisms whose cells have been genetically manipulated strains show new opportunities or performance properties: better acuity or vision, increased breathing capacity, longer life expectancy … Also, these neo-beings have characteristics to better adapt to different environments, new scalable.
Post Natural History archives report on these two lines of research pioneered by the very creation of these bodies, synthetics, improved or increased.